Monarda / beebalm
Monarda / Beebalm
Monarda / Beebalm

Monarda didyma (scarlet beebalm) in North Carolina © John Pickering

Monarda / Beebalm
Monarda / Beebalm

Monarda didyma (scarlet beebalm) from above in North Carolina © John Pickering

Monarda / Beebalm
Monarda / Beebalm

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) in Illinois © Bobby Hattaway

Monarda / Beebalm
Monarda / Beebalm

Monarda didyma (scarlet beebalm) in North Carolina © John Pickering

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Genus: Monarda

Common Name: Beebalm

details

Monarda is native to most regions of North America, with the exception of California, where it is found only in isolated areas. As its common name suggests, Monarda species are attractive to a wide variety of bees. All species of Monarda are subject to powdery mildew, which can be minimized with good drainage.

 

Native Regions

Nationwide, the United States, other than Alaska; southern provinces of Canada

 

Availability

Routinely available and easily grown in most parts of North America

 

Duration

Perennial, annual, biennial, depending upon species

 

Bloom Time

Summer

 

Average Height

3-1/2 feet

 

Flower Color

Red

Pink 

White

Purple

 

Exposure

Full sun, partial shade

 

Water Requirements

Average to wet

 

Recommended Species

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) is a widely distributed, native species, found throughout most parts of the U.S., east of the Rockies and southern Canada. It is also a routinely available showy, garden plant, having clusters of lavender, pink or white pom poms. It grows naturally in open fields, woods, wet meadows and ditches and is highly attractive to bumble bees.

 

Monarda punctata (spotted beebalm) requires less moisture and is attractive to a broader range of bee species. It grows naturally in prairies, plains, meadows, pastures and savannahs, primarily in the east, south and midwestern United States.

 

Monarda didyma (scarlet beebalm) is a popular perennial in gardens, with showy clusters of bright red tubular flowers in the summer that are very attractive to hummingbirds. It requires a moist soil and is susceptible to powdery mildew, though some cultivars, such as Jacob Cline, are mildew resistant. In its natural montane and northeastern habitat, didyma will bloom from late spring through fall.

bee Visitors

Andrena / Mining Bee

Anthidium / Carder Bee

Anthophora / Digger Bee

Bombus / Bumble Bee

Colletes / Polyester Bee

Habropoda / Digger Bee

Halictus / Sweat Bee

Hylaeus / Yellow-faced Bee

Lasioglossum / Sweat Bee

Megachile / Leafcutter Bee

Svastra / Sunflower Bee

Xylocopa / Large Carpenter Bee

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