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Solidago / goldenrod

Genus: Solidago

Common Name: Goldenrod


Solidago (goldenrod) provides an important late summer floral resource - both pollen and nectar - for many species of native bees. When goldenrods are planted in combination with asters, they enhance the beauty of a late season garden and offer a rich food source for a variety of pollinating insects. New bumble bee queens emerging in late summer forage on goldenrods to build up their reserves before hibernating for the winter. In addition to native bees, butterflies and beetles are common visitors.


Native Regions

Nationwide, the United States and Canada



Routinely available and easily grown in most parts of North America





Bloom Time

Late summer to fall


Average Height

4 feet


Flower Color




Full sun


Water Requirements

Moist to dry, depending on species


Recommended Species

Solidago odora (anisscented goldenrod) is native to the eastern and southeastern regions of the United States, and is often included in the restoration of pollinator habitat on eastern farms. It grows naturally in savannahs and pinelands and prefers moist soils.


Soldigo speciosa (showy goldenrod) is widely distributed throughout the eastern and central regions of the United States and Canada. It is commercially available and one of the showiest of the goldenrods and it can become robust in moist soils.


Solidago californica (California goldenrod) is native to California and Oregon, is commercially available, and routinely grown in garden settings.

bee Visitors

Andrena / Mining Bee

Anthophora / Digger Bee

Augochlora / Sweat Bee

Augochlorella / Sweat Bee

Bombus / Bumble Bee

Ceratina / Small Carpenter Bee

Coelioxys / Cuckoo Bee

Colletes / Polyester Bee

Halictus / Sweat Bee

Hylaeus / Yellow Faced Bee

Lasioglossum / Sweat Bee

Megachile / Leafcutter Bee

Melissodes / Long-horned Bee

Nomada / Cuckoo Bee

Svastra / Sunflower Bee

Triepeolus / Triepeolus

Xylocopa / Large Carpenter Bee

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