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Lupinus / lupine

Genus: Lupinus

Common Name: Lupine


Many Lupinus species are particularly attractive to long-tongued bumble bees.


Native Regions

Most of North America, excluding the U.S. states of Tennessee, Missouri, and Arkansas, and the Canadian province of Manitoba



Many species, both annual and perennial, are routinely available and can be grown in most parts of the U.S. and Canada.

Many species are drought-tolerant, and occur naturally in a variety of settings, from rocky prairies and open pine woods to coastal dunes and stream beds. Most lupines tend to favor rocky or sandy, well-drained soils.



Annual and perennial, depending upon species


Bloom Time

Spring to early summer


Average Height

Ranges from 1 to 5 feet, depending on species, with 4 to 6-inch flower spikes


Flower Color




Full sun to partial shade, depending upon species


Water Requirements

Low to average, depending upon species


Recommended Species

Commercially available perennial species include:


Lupinus argenteus (silvery lupine), which is drought-tolerant and native to the western U.S. and Canada.


Lupinus perennis (sundial lupine), is native to the Eastern part of the U.S. and Canada, and grows naturally in sand hills or clearings and open woods.


A routinely available annual species is Lupinus arboreus (silver lupine), native to the California Coast Ranges, growing in grassy flats below 2000 ft. It is very adaptable, but prefers dry, well-drained soil.

bee Visitors

Andrena / Mining Bee

Anthidium / Carder Bee

Anthophora / Digger Bee

Bombus / Bumble Bee

Centris / Digger Bee

Eucera / Long-horned Bee

Habropoda / Digger Bee

Hylaeus / Yellow-faced Bee

Megachile / Leafcutter Bee

Osmia / Mason Bee

Trachusa / Trachusa

Xylocopa / Large Carpenter Bee

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