Lavandula / Lavender
Common Name: Lavender
Though not native to North America, this Mediterranean plant has become popular with gardeners on this continent, as it is easily grown in moderate and warm climates across the United States. Most lavender species are productive bee plants, which require little water and are ideal for garden settings.
Not native to North America; introduced to California and New York
Routinely available, and appropriate for pollinator gardens and landscaping in moderate to warm climates across the United States
Spring, summer, fall
Average to dry
Lavandula stoechas (French lavender, Spanish lavender) is a species of lavender native to Mediterranean countries. It has been widely introduced across the U.S., appealing to both gardeners and bees, alike. It produces lavender or pink flowers that bloom in flushes from early spring through fall.
Lavandula angustifolia (English lavender) is a native of the western Mediterranean region, is popular for its colorful flowers, its fragrance, its relative cold-hardiness and its ability to survive with low water consumption. Like other lavenders, it attracts a variety of native bees.
Lavandin (L. angustifolia x L. latifolia) is another popular hybrid lavender for gardens and landscaping. ‘Provence’ (Lavandula x intermedia) is one of the most attractive of the Lavandins, taking its cultivar name from the area in southeastern France, where it is grown in large plantings for the perfume industry. Lavender flowers and gray foliage are heavily scented on this mounded, shrubby cultivar that typically grows to 3 feet. The productive blooms, which appear in summer, are highly attractive to many species of native bees.