Clarkia / Clarkia

Genus: Clarkia

Common Name: Clarkia


Clarkia species are found primarily in the western United States and British Columbia, with the greatest diversity found in California.


Native Regions

Western United States and Canada; introduced to Quebec



Routinely available





Bloom Time

Spring to mid-summer


Average Height

2 feet


Flower Color






Full sun to light shade


Water Requirements



Recommended Species

Clarkia amoena (farewell to spring) is a native, annual wildflower, with a range extending from southern British Columbia west of the Cascades, south to the coast of central California and east to the Columbia River Gorge at elevations below 3000 feet. This routinely available species, which grows to a maximum of 3 feet, is drought-tolerant and prefers well-drained soil. It grows naturally in relatively dry, open slopes but is also found in meadows, prairies, seaside bluffs, coastal scrub and forest edges. The pink flowers, which bloom in late spring to mid-summer, serve as a nectar source for native bumble bees, mason bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. ‘Farewell to spring’ is often included in native wildflower mixes for bee and butterfly meadows or gardens. It readily self-sows in a suitable location.


Clarkia unguiculata (elegant clarkia), native to California, is another commercially available species, producing elegant pink to purple flowers in late spring to early summer. This 1 to 3 foot annual also prefers dry soil, is able to out-compete weedy grasses and will self-sow in many garden settings.

bee Visitors

Anthophora / Digger Bee

Bombus / Bumble Bee

Ceratina / Small Carpenter Bee

Diadasia / Sunflower Bee

Halictus / Sweat Bee

Hylaeus / Yellow-faced Bee

Lasioglossum / Sweat Bee

Megachile / Leafcutter Bee

Osmia / Mason Bee

Trachusa / Trachusa

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