Chamerion / Fireweed

Genus: Chamerion

Common Name: Fireweed

details

Fireweed often grows in spectacular dense patches, producing abundant pink spires from June through August. The flowers provide an excellent source of nectar for native bees and other pollinators. The common name of fireweed derives from this plant’s sudden, prolific appearance following a wildfire.

 

Native Regions

Nationwide, Canada and the United States, other than the south and southeastern states

 

Availability

Chamerion angustifolium grows naturally in cooler climates and higher elevations, under moist conditions. It can be a striking addition to sunny, moist gardens but may spread aggressively under favorable conditions, so care is needed in smaller landscape plantings. Plants are available through native plant nurseries and seed sources can be found at the Native Seed Network.

 

Duration

Perennial

 

Bloom Time

Early through late summer

 

Average Height

4 feet

 

Flower Color

Pink

 

Exposure

Full sun

 

Water Requirements

Moist

 

Recommended Species

Chamerion angustifolium (fireweed) is well-known in the cooler regions and higher altitudes of the western and northern United States and throughout Canada. In the wild, it is found growing in disturbed soil in cool areas, creating large stands of bright pink blooms. The copious nectar produced by these flowers attracts numerous species of native bees, especially bumble bees. Fireweed also attracts hummingbirds and is a larval host plant for the white lined sphinx moth.

 

With good sun and decently moist soils, fireweed can become very abundant in a short amount of time. In fact, under favorable garden conditions, this plant can be rather aggressive, as it spreads from persistent underground stems. The upside to this is that once established, this species requires little care and under the right circumstances, fireweed can bloom throughout the summer. Online and local native plant nurseries offer fireweed as seeds, bare root, and potted plants.

bee Visitors

Anthophora / Digger Bee

Bombus / Bumble Bee

Halictus / Sweat Bee

Lasioglossum / Sweat Bee

Megachile / Leafcutter Bee

Please reload

Contact us
  • Black Facebook Icon
  • Black Twitter Icon
  • Black Instagram Icon
  • Black YouTube Icon
  • Black Pinterest Icon

National Headquarters
660 Pennsylvania Ave, SE, #402
Washington, DC 20003
phone (202) 547-9359 | fax (202) 547-9429

office@centerforfoodsafety.org
 

www.centerforfoodsafety.org

© 2018 Center for Food Safety

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This material is protected under International and Federal Copyright Laws and Treaties. Any unauthorized reprint or use of this material is prohibited. No text may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without express written permission or proper citation. Please credit any and all use of our work product to: Center for Food Safety, www.centerforfoodsafety.org.