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Salvia / sage

Genus: Salvia

Common Name: Sage


These deep, tubular flowers, offer rich nectar rewards for long-tongued bees.


Native Regions

Throughout North America



Generally available and can be grown in most parts of the U.S., Mexico, and Canada





Bloom Time

Spring, summer, fall


Average Height

2 to 5 feet, depending on species


Flower Color




Full sun to partial shade, depending on species


Water Requirements

Average to dry. Many Salvia species prefer well-drained soils and don’t thrive in dense clay.


Recommended Species

Salvia azurea (azure sage) is a grasslands perennial, native to the eastern and Midwest United States.


Salvia coccinea (blood sage) is native to the southern United States, and is also very attractive to hummingbirds.


Salvia mellifera (black sage) and Salvia clevlandii (Cleveland’s sage) are both native to California and commercially available.


Salvia gregii (autumn sage) is native to rocky slopes of Texas and Mexico, though numerous cultivars of this plant are widespread and common in garden settings. The same is true for Salvia microphylla (Graham’s sage), which is native to southeastern Arizona and Mexico.

In fact, many introduced Salvia species and cultivars exist that are commonly available in nurseries, most of which are attractive to bees.

bee Visitors

Anthidium / Carder Bee

Anthophora / Digger Bee

Bombus / Bumble Bee

Ceratina / Small Carpenter Bee

Diadasia / Sunflower Bee

Habropoda / Digger Bee

Hylaeus / Yellow-faced Bee

Osmia / Mason Bee

Xylocopa / Large Carpenter Bee

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